The Imperiia Project: a spatial history of the Russian Empire


There were 23 orchards at Masandra (Massandra), all previously owned by Greeks. (Hundreds of Greeks left this village in 1778.)

Massandra was among the estate properties of Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov, Governor-General of New Russia (Novorossiya) and Bessarabia from 1823 until 1844. Largely by virtue of its productive vineyards and orchards, by the end of the nineteenth century Massandra had become the economic crown jewel of Vorontsov’s holdings, while Alupka, with its ostentatious palace, acquired the most fame.

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